The skin we have on our bodies is basically multifunctional and regulates, among other things, our body temperature, protects the body from dehydration and attack by various microorganisms. In addition, it is our skin that protects against the sun’s dangerous UV- rays and other external substances that are not healthy for the body and for our immune system. Taking care of and protecting your skin with good products is important, both for your appearance but above all for your well-being.
The three skin layers
The skin consists of three layers. Epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis forms the outermost layer of the skin and is no more than half a millimeter thick. This consists of several layers of tightly packed cells that are stacked on top of each other and have greases as sealants. In the lower layer of the epidermis, also called the basal cell layer – new skin cells are formed continuously and when these mature they move upwards in the various cell layers that make up the epidermis. During this process, the cells flatten out to eventually “unite” the outer layer of the skin. The outer layer is also called the stratum corneum and consists of dead skin cells. Stratum corneum forms the skin’s elastic and resistant barrier against external influences such as dirt. These dead cells are constantly pushed away from the skin in the form of small scales.
From the formation of the individual skin cell until it peels off, it takes about a month and the skin is thus constantly renewed.
As mentioned, the leather skin is the middle layer on the skin and is 0.5-3 mm thick. In the dermis are our blood vessels, nerves, sebaceous glands, hair follicles and sweat glands. If we move a little further in we find the innermost layer of the skin. Namely the subcutaneous tissue which consists of connective tissue and fat cells. These two carry the most important function that protects the body’s organs from cold and heat. In the subcutaneous tissue, the body thus also stores energy in the form of fat, which helps the skin with fat and water reserves. If the subcutaneous tissue loses fluid, it is seen very quickly and quite clearly by the skin becoming wrinkled, just as it is also what happens when we get bags and black circles under the eyes.
This happens when you get dry skin
At the end of the skin we have a natural layer of fat that serves the purpose of protecting against dehydration. It is also this fat layer that makes your skin soft and supple. These fats are the skin’s most important barrier against dehydration and every time you wash your skin, you also wash away some of this fat layer. Cleansers, soaps (including shampoos, hand soaps, etc.) and other cleansers that are designed to dissolve grease, dirt and grime also help to dissolve the skin’s natural fat layers. The protective skin barrier will therefore also become significantly thinner with excessive use of the above, as the body does not have time to recover. The skin is thus damaged and dries out, just as the risk of inflammation and small wounds that can cause infections and eczema can more easily occur.
There are also several other external factors that can negatively affect our skin, such as wind and weather. Here, the Swedish climate places slightly greater demands on your efforts to maintain healthy skin care that strengthens the skin’s own protective barrier. It is also especially here that the epidermis stratum corneum shows its unique properties. This is because the skin’s moisture content is directly related to the surrounding moisture. Low humidity reduces the water content of the stratum corneum, which in severe cases can lead to symptoms such as cracks and fissures in the skin. Dry skin often turns out to be more common in winter than in summer, because both cold and wind help to dry out the skin. In addition, the skin is extra exposed during the darker season of the year as the skin does not naturally get the same vitamins from the sun as in summer.
Skin care for dry skin
It is a fact that you can not change the weather, but there are many other things you can do to avoid and / or treat and care for dry skin. First of all, it is always a good idea to choose soaps that are gentle on your skin. There are several shampoos, hand soaps, dishwashing detergents and other cleaning products recommended by the Asthma and Allergy Association. Thus, these usually do not contain perfume, dyes or other substances that can contribute to dry and irritated skin. Detergents and rinse aids are also available without perfume.
In addition, you should always remember to moisturize the skin when you have been in the bath or otherwise washed it – for example, when you wash your hands or take a foot bath. Water ironically helps to dry out the skin.
There are a sea of ointments, creams and lotions on the market that in various ways can help balance the health of your skin. Similarly, it is a good idea to scrub your skin with a scrub once a week to remove the dead skin cells. If you do not take care of removing the dead skin cells, this can cause impure skin in the form of pimples, bumps, etc. However, it is important to be aware that there are different scrubs, depending on where on the body you “scrub”. This is because the skin on your face, for example, is slightly thinner than the skin on your hands and feet, which is why a scrub for the latter can do more harm than good to your face.
Helosan® Original- for soft & smooth skin
Helosan original has a high fat content and significantly lower water content than comparable products on the market. All products in the Helosan family thus contain moisturizing and emollient substances that are similar to the skin’s own barrier fats and that promote the skin’s own repair process, while the ointment settles as a temporary layer that provides long-lasting hydration and protection against dehydration. Helosan’s specially developing composition makes it particularly suitable for dry, sensitive and irritated skin with a weakened skin barrier. Helosan can be used for skin care together with medicinal products for the treatment of, for example, psoriasis and other skin diseases.
Helosan’s specially developed composition makes it very good, a small click goes a long way. The skin ointment is easy to apply and gives the skin time to moisturize itself, making it more resistant to external factors such as wind and weather. sun, water, heat, cold and moisture – yes, and ordinary soap and detergent. All products in the Helosan family are 100% vegan and completely fragrance-free. Helosan contains Eucalyptus Globulus which is a natural oil added to give a mild fresh scent. Thanks to carefully selected ingredients, Helosan’s products are not only gentle on the skin, they also maintain a consistent sense of sustainability from production to consumption with a big heart for both the individual and the environment.